The Golem (Der Golem, wie er in die Welt kam), 1920
"In this version of the golem legend, the golem, a clay statue brought to life by Rabbi Loew in 16th century Prague to save the Jews from the ongoing brutal persecution by the city’s rulers, is found in the rubble of an old synagogue in the 20th century. Brought to life by an antique dealer, the golem is used as a menial servant. Eventually falling in love with the dealer’s wife, it goes on a murderous rampage when its love for her goes unanswered. A relic certainly, but a fascinating one, Der Golem is perhaps the screen’s first great monster movie. Though it was actually the third time director-star Paul Wegener had played the eponymous creation, the earlier efforts (sadly lost) were rough drafts for this elaborate dramatization of the Jewish legend."